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National Experiences

Access Control Applications

Italy (Bologna)

Post offices in Bologna recently installed an innovative personnel access control system. Each post office building in Bologna now has a dedicated server to track personnel which are linked to a geographical switched line. The RFID based system not only controls access to the buildings but can also detect the presence of an employee within a building. The system interfaces with proprietary personnel management software that tracks employee leaves, overtime and of course normal working hours.


RFID has been used for the parking access control of one of Singapore's leading hospitals with the automated system, throughput was doubled, the cost of attendants was eliminated and the car park system is error free which improves hospital security. Two other Singapore's hospitals are considering the installation of RFID based systems.


Animal tracking


Endangered species and herds have been tracked. Researchers in Australia are using RFID transponders to track the migration of fish through fish ways in the Murray- Darling river basin. The project is part of the Queensland Department of Primary Industries (DPI)’s study into reducing delays during fish spawning migrations.


Mac Donald's

Following the success model that ExxonMobil pioneered with the use of RFid's Speedpass technology, McDonald's customers can now use their Speedpass tags for purchases both inside the restaurant and at the drive-thru. When a customer goes to the McDonald's drive-thru window, they simply order their food at the menu board, drive on to the payment window and point the keyring tag at the speedpass reader. The Golden Arches® light up to indicate that the tag is read. The system automatically bills purchases to the credit/ check card of the customer's choice.


Electronic ID

Security in general and border crossing systems in particular have become key issues in all countries around the globe and governments are ready to invest in eID Technology. In the past, only traditional contact smart cards were used for high security applications. Today contactless smart cards and biometrics are the upcoming trend in the security market. In this context, user authentication is performed by checking biometrics features of the cardholder against data stored on the card in order to ensure that the user is who he claimed.

As a result, high security contactless smart cards with extended memory capacity for storing user biometrics are now finding their way into applications such as passports, driver's licenses, computer, corporate ID card, government employee badge…

Security solutions based on contactless smart cards and biometrics are also gaining interest in the field of secure border crossing processes and international air transport. Starting from October 2004, the US Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act will require visitors from non visa waiver countries to provide biometrics data to gain entry to the US. The Act also requires citizens from the 27 visa waiver countries to have machine readable biometrics information embedded in their passports.
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) recommends the use of contactless smart cards woven into a page of a machine readable passport with the card storing the facial image and one additional biometric image ( e.g. fingerprint) of the passport owner.

Considering the market trends toward contactless smart card combined with biometrics, the contactless smart cards must support a sophisticated PKI to achieve the highest level of protection. This demand powerful capabilities for cryptographic processing as well as enhanced memory capacity in order to store data of the card or passport owner.

Supply Chains/retail

Marks and Spencer

Moving from bar codes to reusable RFID smart labels, Marks & Spencer, one of Europe's largest retailers, is pioneering the largest RFID supply chain deployment the market has seen to date - 3.5 million tags. Using TI-RFid technology to link fifty chilled food suppliers to more than 350 stores across the UK, the company is moving perishable refrigerated foods more quickly and accurately through the supply chain from dispatch and sorting to pick-up and distribution. Reading food trays, dollies and roll cages 83% faster at each point in the supply chain, RFID speeds handing and distribution, reduces waste and keeps a more accurate and real-time watch on its inventory


RFid tags sewn into clothing from Goldwin Sportswear, one of the largest branded sportswear companies in Japan, are speeding goods with improved accuracy across the supply chain from production in China to a distribution centre in Italy for shipment to retailer Goldwin is protecting its valuable brand against counterfeit products, using RFID to virtually shut down the gray market for cheap knock-off. A single RFID tag is building new supply chain value and safeguarding consumers along the way.


Anti counterfeiting

Bus tickets in Istanbul

An automatic anti counterfeiting system for public transportation in Istanbul commenced in August 2001 in an effort to reduce lost revenues due to counterfeiting, estimated at the time at a rate of 15%. Today Istanbul's single ride bus ticket are protected from counterfeiting and duplication by the printing of Smartlnk Sequential covert code onto the tickets and automatically authenticating them using proprietary readers that are installed on all municipals buses. The system also differentiates between different codes assigned to the various fare rates, thus allowing data collection and analysis for passenger service purposes.
Since the project entered in its implementation phase on January 2002, the Istanbul Public Transportation Authority has begun to generate substantial incremental revenues.


Transport field

Contactless Smart Cards have yet been concretely deployed in several countries, in particular in the transport field.


With 12 million movements par day, Paris welcomed enthusiastically the smart card according to P.Vappereau, executive of the Ingénierie des Systèmes pour les Voyageurs. RATP is the leading transport operator of the Ile de France’s region and choosed a remote ticketing system for two main reasons :

  • a technological one, the magnetic fare collection system was nearing the end of its life
  • an economic one, they wanted to reduce operating standards and maintenance and increase revenues by reducing fraud

The smart card was introduced in October 2001 and about 1 million are in use today.
RATP aims by early 2004 to replace the magnetic stripe cards entirely by e tickets and to equip all networks in the Ile de France’s region with contactless validators.

Further out, the card can be turned into a multiapplication pass. A pilot project is set to run in 2003, whereby the Moneo e-purse will be combined with the transport card.


With 7,6 millions of passengers per year, the main aims in adopting an electronic ticket in the Capri transport network are :

  • increase the use of public transport
  • decrease fraud
  • develop the fare integration with all public and private companies
  • get more different services on the same card

The initial results of Capri’s experience are really encouraging, there has been high satisfaction between both the customers and the companies.


Washington has already had positive experiences with the smart cards. Without any marketing, more than 250 000 commuters use the SmarTrip daily since its introduction in 1999.

The card functions as a sort of an electronic wallet which after contactless validation, provides access to bus, metro, train and parking facilities. The appreciation of the card and its ease of use is very high.


The Lisbon Region is facing a very complex multimodal multioperator environment , in order to ease the control system, to preserve the integrated tariff system of the region and to build an information system it has chosen an electronic ticketing system.
Only after some time of use, it will be possible to analyse the results.

For more information, visit the Calypso website :

Japan - Outline of the mobile Contactless Smart Card Interface

Kenichiro Shibasaki (Matsushita Elec.) presents the context in Japan: as the mobile phone is a widely spread tool, it is promising for the development of card based services. Panasonic
developed an experimental project for next generation of contactless smart cards which aims
to verify the convenience and extraction of subjects by using Mobile phone with IC card
functions. Services available will be: payment (limited), premium point collection,
transportation. The mobile phone is fixed on an adapter (built in IC chip). The phone is used
through a contactless communication (ISO14443-type B) with an open air type reader writer
or automatic ticket gate. A field trial is developed in Sapporo

For further information please visit the web site